In an interview with the business daily Les Echos, the number two of the Republican Party said she believes that new forms of work are better suited to “a profound aspiration for autonomy of the young generation.”
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet defends her vision of the reform of labor law needed to improve the labor market in France. She says the disappearance process of wage labor “is undeniable. Self-employment and multi-activity develop faster-and not just in the big city-and this will accelerate. ”
New forms of work
She believes that technological tools are there to encourage this phenomenon and the economy calls for more flexibility. For the number two of the Republican Party, work is more and more organized in “project mode”. New forms of work are better suited to “a profound aspiration for autonomy of the younger generation.” For the latter, the hierarchical organization is no longer suitable.
She cites the example of the conflict between Uber and taxis to warn that this situation will multiply in the restaurant business, in hotel industry or legal assistance. She proposes to create a general status for the self-employed. It would define a base of fundamental rights, including the right to training. “In that sense I agree with the logic of the future personal account activity” created by the government of Manuel Valls.
She advocates the creation of sub-statuses taking into account the degree of dependence, “economic dependency thresholds,” of the self-employed vis-à-vis a company that could provide paid leave or RTT (recovery days to compensate for hours worked above 35 hours/week) for the independent working regularly for them.
Referenda in companies
Unemployment insurance of these self-employed could be entrusted to the private sector “with tax incentives from the state.” Social contributions of these independent workers would be benched on their income and businesses would “participate via a ticket calculated according to the degree of reliance on the independent.” Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet advocates a first test of such a model in the digital sector.
The number two of the party approves Nicolas Sarkozy’s plan to overhaul labor laws. For her, “it is essential to refer the negotiations to the industry branches and companies.” We must allow the use of referendums with employees “in case agreements are stalled.” She recalled the example of the Smart company where employees voted for an extension of working time “before the situation was blocked by the unions.”